Official 29 Task 3

Scatter Hoarding

Many animals live in environments where food is plentiful during certain times of the year and scarce during other times of the year. In such environments, some animals collect and prepare food when it is plentiful, then hoard it—store it—for future use. Some types of hoarders engage in scatter hoarding. Unlike other types of hoarders, scatter hoarders do not store the food all in one place; instead, they scatter it—divide it up and hide it in many places. Later, at a time when food is scarce, the hoarders return to these hiding places and recover the food.

Narrator: Now listen to part of a lecture on this topic in a Biology class.
Professor: OK, so we sometimes see this with animals that live in parts of the world where it gets very cold in the winter.
For example, in the Northeastern United States,
there's a species of squirrel that does this.
This squirrel, like many species of squirrel, loves to eat nuts.
Nuts are one of its primary sources of food.
Now, nuts are very difficult to find in the winter.
But in the autumn,
there lying all over the place because that's when they fall from the trees.
So what this squirrel does is in the autumn,
it spends a lot of time finding nuts.
After it finds a nut, it prepares it.
It takes off the outer shell and cleans it.
This preparation may in some way help preserve the nut and,
or may make it easier to eat later on.
The squirrel then digs a little hole in the ground and buries the nut.
In one autumn, this squirrel may bury hundreds of nuts.
But it doesn't just dig a big hole and put all the nuts in it and cover them up.
No, it digs hundreds of holes all over the place,
and it puts just one nut in each hole.
Now, why would it do that?
Well, probably primarily because,
even if other animals happen to find some of the holes, some of the nuts,
the squirrel will still have a lot of other holes with nuts in them.
So it'll still have enough food to survive the winter.

Explain how the example from the professor's lecture illustrates the practice of scatter hoarding.